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    Linux桌面环境(桌面系统)各版本优缺点对比

    时间:2018-11-28 21:01来源:网络整理 作者:Linux先生 举报 点击:
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    Linux桌面环境(桌面系统)各版本优缺点对比

    海王2棋牌ZAOQIDE Linux XITONGDOUSHIBUDAIJIEMIANDE,ZHINENGTONGGUOMINGLINGLAIGUANLI,BIRUYUNXINGCHENGXU、BIANJIWENDANG、SHANCHUWENJIANDENG。SUOYI,YAOXIANGSHULIANSHIYONG Linux,JIUBIXUJIYIHENDUOMINGLING。

    HOULAISUIZHE Windows DEPUJI,JISUANJIJIEMIANBIANDEYUELAIYUEPIAOLIANG,DIANDIANSHUBIAOJIUNENGWANCHENGHENDUOGONGZUO,RENMENYIJINGXIGUANLETUXINGJIEMIANHUADECAOZUO,HENNANZAIRENSHOUYIPIANQIHEIDEMINGLINGXINGCHUANGKOULE。ZHEITUIDONGLE Linux SHEQUJINXINGBIANGE,HENKUAITUICHULE Linux XITONGDETUXINGJIEMIANHUANJING。

    海王2棋牌WANCHENGGONGZUODEFANGSHIBUZHIYIZHONG,Linux YIZHIYILAIDOUYICIERWENMING,ZAITUXINGZHUOMIANSHANGGENGSHIRUCI,Linux YOUGEZHONGGEYANGDETUXINGHUAZHUOMIANKEGONGXUANZE。

    海王2棋牌Linux ZHONGDEZHUOMIANHUANJINGYESHIYIGECHENGXU,TAHENEIHEBUSHIBANGDINGDE,LIANGZHEDEKAIFAYEBUSHITONGBUDE;JIBUDAIJIEMIANDE Linux XITONGANZHUANGSHANGYIGEZHUOMIANHUANJING,NIJIUNENGKANDAOGEZHONGPIAOLIANGDECHUANGKOU,BINGNENGYONGSHUBIAODIANJITAMENLE。

    海王2棋牌SHANGJIEJIANGDAODEGEZHONG Linux FAXINGBANQISHIYIJINGFUDAILEMOUZHONGZHUOMIANHUANJING,RUGUONIXIHUANZHETENG,YEKEYIGENGHUANQITAZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    海王2棋牌GERENDIANNAOYIBANDOUHUIANZHUANGSHANGZHUOMIANHUANJING,ZHEIYANGCAOZUOGENGJIABIANJIE;Linux WEILEJIESHENGZIYUAN,YIBANDOUBUHUIANZHUANGZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    海王2棋牌XIAMIANJIDAJIAJIESHAOJIKUANBIJIAOLIUXINGDEZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    1. KDE 桌面系统

    海王2棋牌KDE SHI K Desktop Environment DESUOXIE,ZHONGWENYIWEI“KZHUOMIANHUANJING”。

    海王2棋牌KDE SHIJIYUDAMINGDINGDINGDE Qt DE,ZUICHUYU 1996 NIANZUOWEIKAIYUANXIANGMUGONGBU,BINGZAI 1998 NIANFABULEDIYIGEBANBEN,XIANZAI KDE JIHUSHIPAIMINGDIYIDEZHUOMIANHUANJINGLE。

    海王2棋牌XUDUOLIUXINGDE Linux FAXINGBANDOUTIGONGLE KDE ZHUOMIANHUANJING,BIRU Ubuntu、Linux Mint、OpenSUSE、Fedora、Kubuntu、PC Linux OS DENG。

    海王2棋牌KDE HE Windows BIJIAOLEISI,GEWEICHUXUEZHEXIANGXINDOUSHI Windows DEYONGHU,SUOYIQIEHUANDAO KDE YEBUHUIYOUTAIDADEZHANGAI。

    KDE YUNXUNIBAYINGYONGCHENGXUTUBIAOHEWENJIANTUBIAOFANGZHIZAIZHUOMIANDETEDINGWEIZHISHANG。DANJIYINGYONGCHENGXUTUBIAO,Linux XITONGJIUHUIYUNXINGGAIYINGYONGCHENGXU。DANJIWENJIANTUBIAO,KDE ZHUOMIANJIUHUIQUEDINGSHIYONGNAZHONGYINGYONGCHENGXULAICHULIGAIWENJIAN。

    海王2棋牌KDE SHISUOYOUZHUOMIANHUANJINGZHONGZUIRONGYIDINGZHIDE。ZAIQITAZHUOMIANHUANJINGZHONG,NIXUYAOJIGECHAJIAN、CHUANGKOUZUJIANHEDIAOZHENGGONGJUCAIKEYIDINGZHIHUANJING,KDE JIANGSUOYOUGONGJUHECHUANGKOUZUJIANDOUSAIRUDAOXITONGSHEZHIZHONG。JIEZHUXIANJINDESHEZHIGUANLIQI,KEYIKONGZHIYIQIE,BUXUYAORENHEDISANFANGGONGJU,JIUKEYIGENJUYONGHUDEXIHAOHEYAOQIULAIMEIHUAJIDIAOZHENGZHUOMIAN。

    KDE XIANGMUZUHAIHAIFALEDALIANGDEKEYUNXINGZAI KDE HUANJINGZHONGDEYINGYONGCHENGXU,BAOKUO Dolphin(WENJIANGUANLIGONGJU)、Konsole(ZHONGDUAN)、Kate(WENBENBIANJIGONGJU)、Gwenview(TUPIANCHAKANGONGJU)、Okular(WENDANGJIPDFCHAKANGONGJU)、Digikam(ZHAOPIANBIANJIHEZHENGLIGONGJU)、KMail(DIANZIYOUJIANKEHURUANJIAN)、Quassel(IRCKEHURUANJIAN)、K3b(DVDKELUCHENGXU)、Krunner(QIDONGQI)DENG,TAMENDOUSHIMORENANZHUANGDE。

    海王2棋牌DUI KDE YOUQUEDIANDEZONGJIE:

    YOUDIAN:KDE JIHUSHIZUIXIANJINZUIQIANGDADEZHUOMIANHUANJING,TAWAIGUANYOUMEI、GAODUKEDINGZHI、JIANRONGBIJIAOJIUDEYINGJIANSHEBEI

    QUEDIAN:Kmail DENGYIXIEZUJIANDEPEIZHIDUIXINSHOULAISHUOGUOYUFUZA。

    Linux KDE桌面环境


    图1:KDE 桌面环境截图

    2. GNOME 桌面环境

    海王2棋牌GNOME SHI the GNU Network Object Model Environment DESUOXIE,ZHONGWENYIWEI“GNUWANGLUODUIXIANGMOXINGHUANJING”。

    GNOME YU 1999 NIANSHOUCIFABU,XIANYICHENGWEIXUDUOLinuxFAXINGBANMORENDEZHUOMIANHUANJING(BUGUOYONGDEZUIDUODESHI Red Hat Linux)。

    GNOME DETEDIANSHIJIANJIE、YUNXINGSUDUKUAI,DANSHIMEIYOUTAIDUODEDINGZHIXUANXIANG,YONGHUXUYAOANZHUANGDISANFANGGONGJULAISHIXIAN。

    GNOME SHENZHIBUBAOKUOYIXIEJIANDANDEDIAOZHENGXUANXIANG,BIRUGENGGAIZHUTI、GENGGAIZITIDENG,JIUZHEILIANGZHONGJIBENDEDIAOZHENGERYAN,YONGHUDOUXUYAOANZHUANGDISANFANGGONGJU。SUOYI,GONME SHIHENEIXIEBUXUYAOGAODUDINGZHIJIEMIANDEYONGHU。

    海王2棋牌GNOME BEIYONGZUO Fedora ZHONGDEMORENZHUOMIANHUANJING,TIGONGZAIJIKUANLIUXINGDE Linux FAXINGBANZHONG,BIRU Ubuntu、Debian、OpenSUSE DENG。

    海王2棋牌2011 NIAN,GNOME 3 JINXINGLEZHONGDAGENGXIN,BUZAICAIYONGCHUANTONGDE Windows FENGGEDEJIEMIAN,ERSHIJINXINGLEQUANXINDESHEJI,JINGYANLEHENDUOYONGHU。GNOME 3 DEZHEIZHONGXINGWEIYEDAOZHIBUFENYONGHUHEKAIFARENYUANBUMAN,TAMENYOUKAIFALEDUOKUANQITADEZHUOMIANHUANJING,BIRU MATE HE Cinnamon。

    DUI GNOME YOUQUEDIANDEZONGJIE:

    YOUDIAN:JIANDANYIYONG,KETONGGUOCHAJIANLAIKUOZHANGONGNENG。

    QUEDIAN:DUICHAJIANDEGUANLINENGLIBIJIAOCHA,YEQUESHAOQITAZHUOMIANHUANJINGYONGYOUDEXUDUOGONGNENG。

    GNOME桌面环境截图


    海王2棋牌图2:GNOME 桌面环境截图

    3. Unity

    海王2棋牌Unity SHIYOU Ubuntu DEMUGONGSI Canonical KAIFADEYIKUANWAIQIAO。ZHISUOYISHUOTASHIWAIQIAO,SHIYINWEI Unity YUNXINGZAI GNOME ZHUOMIANHUANJINGZHISHANG,SHIYONGLESUOYOU GNOME DEHEXINYINGYONGCHENGXU。

    2010 NIAN,Unity DIYIGEBANBENFABU,CIHOUJINGGUOSHUCIGAIJIN,RUJINHEQITADEZHUOMIANHUANJINGYIYANG,YEKEYIANZHUANGDAOQITADE Linux FAXINGBANSHANGLE。

    Unity SHIYONGLEBUTONGDEJIEMIANFENGGE,RUGUONIYONGDESHI Ubuntu Linux FAXINGBAN,NIHUIZHUYIDAO Unity YU KDE HE GNOME ZHUOMIANHUANJINGYOUXIEBUYIYANG。

    海王2棋牌Unity ZAIZUOBIANYOUYIGEQIDONGQI,WEIYUQIDONGQIDINGBUDESHISOUSUOTUBIAO,YOUJIAO“Dash”。ZAI Dash SHANGSOUSUOWENJIANSHI,BUJINHUIJICHULAIZIYINGPANDESOUSUOJIEGUO,HAIHUIJICHULAIZIZAIXIANLAIYUANDESOUSUOJIEGUO,BIRU Google Drive、Facebook、Picasa、Flick JIQITA。

    海王2棋牌Unity HAITIGONGLEYINZANGQIDONGQI、CHUMOCEBIANLANJIUXIANSHIDEXUANXIANG,YONGHUHAIKEYIDIAOGAO/DIAODIXIANSHIQIDONGQICAIDANDELINGMINDU。

    Unity HENJIANDAN、YUNXINGSUDUKUAI,DAN Unity ZAIXITONGSHEZHIXIAQUEMEIYOUDINGZHIZHUOMIANDETAIDUOXUANXIANG,YAOXIANGANZHUANGZHUTIHUOZHEDINGZHILINGWAIBUTONGDEXUANXIANG,BIRUXITONGCAIDANSHIFOUYINGGAIZONGSHIKEJIAN,HUOZHE“CONGQIDONGQITUBIAOYICIDIANJIZUIXIAOHUA”,YONGHUXUYAOANZHUANGDISANFANGGONGJU。

    海王2棋牌CCSM HE Unity Tweak Tool SHIMIANXIANG Unity ZHUOMIANHUANJINGDEFEICHANGLIUXINGDEDINGZHIGONGJU。

    DUI Unity YOUQUEDIANDEZONGJIE:

    YOUDIAN:JIEMIANJIANJIEZHIGUAN,KEYITONGGUODISANFANGGONGJULAISHENDUDINGZHI,ERQIESHIYONGLEPINGSHIXIANSHIQI(HUD)DENGXINJISHU。

    QUEDIAN:MORENDEDINGZHIGONGNENGBIJIAOCHAJING,TONGZHIJIZHIYIBAN。

    Unity桌面环境截图


    图3:Unity桌面环境截图

    4. MATE

    海王2棋牌SHANGMIANWOMENTIDAO,GNOME 3 JINXINGLEQUANXINDEJIEMIANSHEJI,ZHEIZHAOZHIYIXIEYONGHUDEBUMAN,TAMENTUICHULEQITADEZHUOMIANHUANJING,MATE JIUSHIQIZHONGZHIYI。

    海王2棋牌MATE SHIYIZHONGCONGXIANZAIWURENWEIHUDE GNOME 2 DAIMAKUPAISHENGCHULAIDEZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    海王2棋牌MATE RANGRENJUEDEZAISHIYONGJIUDEZHUOMIANHUANJING,DANSHIJIEHELELINIANLAIJIEMIANFANGMIANDEZHUDUOGAIJIN。MATE HAIFEICHANGSHIYONGYUDIPEIJISUANJI,SUOYIRUGUONIYOUYITAIJIUDEHUOSUDUJIAOMANDEJISUANJI,KEYISHIYONG MATE。

    MATE HAISHIXUDUOLIUXINGDE Linux FAXINGBANSUIDAIDE,BIRU Ubuntu、Linux Mint、Mageia、Debian JILINGWAIGENGDUOFAXINGBAN。Ubuntu MATE TOUYIHUISHIGUANFANGBANBEN。

    海王2棋牌“HUANYINGSHOUCIFABUDE Ubuntu MATE GUANFANGBANBEN。XIANZAI,YONGHUJIANGGENGRONGYIGENGXINRUANJIAN,YINWEISUOYOUZUJIANXIANZAIDOUZAI Ubuntu RUANJIANKUZHONG。”

    MATE ZIDAIDEYINGYONGCHENGXUBAOKUO Caja(WENJIANGUANLIGONGJU)、Pluma(WENBENBIANJIGONGJU)、Atril(WENDANGCHAKANGONGJU)、Eye of MATE(TUXIANGCHAKANGONGJU)DENG,RUGUOYONGHUBUXUYAOQITAGONGNENGWANBEIDEZHUOMIANHUANJINGDESUOYOUEWAIGONGNENG,NEIME MATE DUITAMENLAISHUOSHIYIKUANJIANDANDEQINGLIANGJIZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    DUI META YOUQUEDIANDEZONGJIE:

    YOUDIAN:QINGLIANGJIDEZHUOMIANHUANJING,NENGGOUJIANRONGJIAOJIUDEYINGJIANSHEBEI。

    海王2棋牌QUEDIAN:WOYEBUZHIDAOYOUSHENMEMINGXIANDEQUEDIAN,HUANYINGDUZHELIUYANGAOZHI。

    MATE桌面环境截图


    海王2棋牌图4:MATE 桌面环境截图

    5. Cinnamon

    海王2棋牌YU MATE LEISI,Cinnamon SHIYOU Linux Mint TUANDUIYINWEIBUMAN Gnome 3 DEGAIJINERKAIFADELINGYIZHONGZHUOMIANHUANJING。DAN Cinnamon YU MATE BUTONGZHICHUZAIYU,Cinnamon JIANLIZAI Gnome 3 DEJICHUSHANG。Cinnamon SHIXINDE,ERQIEZAIJIJIKAIFAZHIZHONG,DANZHEIKUANCHUSEDEZHUOMIANHUANJINGMEIYOUYINXINYINGERZAIGONGNENGFANGMIANYOUSUOJIANRUO。

    海王2棋牌Cinnamon YONGYOU GNOME HE Unity DENGQITAZHUOMIANHUANJINGSUOMEIYOUDEZHONGZHONGGONGNENG。Cinnamon SHIGAODUKEDINGZHIDEZHUOMIANHUANJING,BUXUYAORENHEWAIBUCHAJIAN、CHUANGKOUZUJIANHEDIAOZHENGGONGJULAIDINGZHIZHUOMIAN。Cinnamon SHENZHIKEYITONGGUOSHEZHIGUANLIQIBENSHENLAIXIAZAIBINGANZHUANGZHUTI,SHENZHIBUXUYAODAKAIHULIANWANGLIULANQI。

    YOUYUZHONGZHONGCHUSEDESUOXUGONGNENG,Cinnamon DUIRENHEGANGJIECHU Linux DEXINYONGHULAISHUODOUFEICHANGFANGBIAN。XUDUOYONGHUFANGQISHIYONG Linux,SHIYINWEITAMENBINGBULEJIE Linux DEGONGZUOFANGSHI,DANSHIWOQIANGLIEJIANYIXINSHOUYINGCONG Cinnamon ZHUOMIANHUANJINGKAISHIRUSHOU。

    XUDUOLIUXINGDE Linux FAXINGBANTIGONGLEGEZIBANBENDE Cinnamon,BIRU Ubuntu、Fedora、OpenSUSE、Gentoo、Arch Linux DENG。Cinnamon HAISHI Linux Mint DEMORENZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    Cinnamon 桌面环境截图


    图5:Cinnamon 桌面环境截图

    海王2棋牌DUI Cinnamon YOUQUEDIANDEZONGJIE:

    YOUDIAN:CHENGSHUWANMEI,GAODUKEXINGZHI,SHIHE Linux XINSHOU。

    海王2棋牌QUEDIAN:YOUSHIHOUKENENGHUIYOURUANJIANCUOWU。

    6. 适用于较老硬件设备的 Linux 桌面环境

    海王2棋牌TUXINGHUAZHUOMIANHUANJINGDEBIDUANZAIYUTAMENYAOZHANYONGXIANGDANGYIBUFENDEXITONGZIYUANLAIBAOZHENGZHENGCHANGYUNXING。ZAI Linux FAZHANZHICHU,Linux DEBIAOZHIHEMAIDIANZHIYIJIUSHITAKEYIYUNXINGZAICHULINENGLIJIAORUODELAOJIU PC SHANG,ZHEIXIE PC WULIYUNXINGJIAOXINDE Windows ZHUOMIAN。

    RANERSUIZHE KDE HE GNOME ZHUOMIANHUANJINGDEPUJI,QINGKUANGFASHENGLEBIANHUA。YUNXING KDE HUO GNOME ZHUOMIANYAOZHANYONGDENEICUNZIYUANHEJIAOXINDE Windows ZHUOMIANHUANJINGQIGUXIANGDANG。

    RUGUONIDE PC YIJINGYOUXIENIANDAILE,YEBUYAOXIEQI。Linux KAIFARENYUANYIJINGLIANSHOURANG Linux FANPUGUIZHEN。TAMENKAIFALEYIXIEDINEICUNKAIXIAODETUXINGHUAZHUOMIANYINGYONG,TIGONGLENENGGOUZAILAOJIU PC SHANGWANMEIYUNXINGDEJIBENGONGNENG。JINGUANZHEIXIETUXINGHUAZHUOMIANHUANJINGBINGMEIYOUDALIANGZHUANWEIQISHEJIDEYINGYONG,DANTAMENRENGRANNENGYUNXINGXUDUOJIBENDETUXINGHUACHENGXU,ZHICHIRUWENZICHULI、DIANZIBIAOGE、SHUJUKU、HUITUYIJIDUOMEITIDENGGONGNENG。

    海王2棋牌XIABIAOLIECHULEYIXIEKEZAIPEIZHIJIAODIDE PC HEBIJIBENDIANNAOSHANGYUNXINGDEQINGLIANGJI Linux TUXINGHUAZHUOMIANHUANJING。

    桌面环境说明
    Fluxbox   一个没有面板的轻型桌面,仅有一个可用来启动程序的弹出式菜单。  
    Xfce   和 KDE 很像的一个桌面,但少了很多图像以适应低内存环境。  
    JWM   Joe 的窗口管理器(Joe’s Window Manager),非常适用于低内存低硬盘空间环境的超轻型桌面。  
    Fvwm   支持如虚拟桌面和面板等高级桌面功能,但能够在低内存环境中运行。  
    fvwm95   从 fvwm 衍生而来,但看起来更像是 Windows 95 桌面。  

    海王2棋牌YISHANGZHEIXIETUXINGHUAZHUOMIANHUANJINGBINGBURU KDE HUO GNOME ZHUOMIANYIYANGXUANLI,DANQUETIGONGLEQIADAOHAOCHUDEJIBENTUXINGHUAGONGNENG。

    RUGUONIYONGDESHILAOJIU PC,CHANGSHIYIXIAJIYUSHANGSHUMOUGEZHUOMIANHUANJINGDE Linux FAXINGBAN,KANKANZENMEYANG,KENENGHUIYOUJINGXIE。

    JWM 桌面环境截图


    图6:JWM 桌面环境截图

    查看桌面环境

    WOMENKEYITONGGUOHUANJINGBIANLIANGDESKTOP_SESSION LAICHAKANDANGQIAN Linux FAXINGBANSHIYONGLENAZHONGZHUOMIANHUANJING,LIRU:

    [c.biancheng.net]$ echo $DESKTOP_SESSIONgnome-classic

    ZHEIBIAOMINGWOSHIYONGDESHI GNOME。

    LINGWAI,NIYEKEYICHAKAN/etcXIAYOUMEIYOUDUIYINGDEMULU,LIRU gnome MULUHUOZHE kde MULU,RUGUOYOUDEHUA,JIUSHUOMINGYIJINGANZHUANGLE。

    YUANWENDIZHI:

    SHENGMING:BENWANGZHANFABUDENEIRONG(TUPIAN、SHIPINHEWENZI)YIYONGHUTOUGAO、YONGHUZHUANZAINEIRONGWEIZHU,RUGUOSHEJIQINQUANQINGJINKUAIGAOZHI,WOMENJIANGHUIZAIDIYISHIJIANSHANCHU。WENZHANGGUANDIANBUDAIBIAOBENWANGZHANLICHANG,RUXUCHULIQINGLIANXIKEFU。DIANHUA:-8306;YOUXIANG:hyg@west.cn。BENZHANYUANCHUANGNEIRONGWEIJINGYUNXUBUDEZHUANZAI,HUOZHUANZAISHIXUZHUMINGCHUCHU::XIBUSHUMAXINWENZIXUNMENHU » LinuxZHUOMIANHUANJING(ZHUOMIANXITONG)GEBANBENYOUQUEDIANDUIBI

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    Linux桌面环境(桌面系统)各版本优缺点对比

    作者:hotnews

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